Some people, varicose veins may cause aching, pain, legs begin to feel heavy, and tired. Other possible symptoms can be mild swelling, bruising of your ankles and feet, throbbing or cramping in your lower legs. Varicose veins can also cause a change in skin color (known as stasis pigmentation), dry and thinning skin and some will even have open sores and bleeding.
To understand the causes of venous disorders, you have to start with the circulatory system. Our circulatory system is made up of two separate parts: arteries that take the blood from the heart to all the tissues in our bodies and veins that return the blood back to our heart. The arteries benefit from gravity, which pulls the blood downward from our heart, since the veins have to generate their own pumping action to resist gravity and move the blood bank up to our heart. To move the blood in this way, our veins are arranged in two layers: deep veins that run vertically within our muscles and superficial veins that are arranged as a network of thousands of vessels. When the veins are unable to pump blood properly, blood begins to pool in our veins instead of moving upward towards our heart. This pooling is what leads to appearance of spider and varicose veins.
Here are some risk factors to consider:
- Family History
- Prolonged Sitting or Standing
- History of blood clots (DVT)
The seriousness of vein diseases can range from cosmetic to life-threatening, so it's important to understand varicose veins can lead to more serious health problems. Please consider scheduling a consultation with us if you think you have a venous disorder or are considering different treatment options. We will be able to evaluate the severity of your condition and recommend the right treatment options for you.
The process of treating the various venous diseases has evolved greatly over time, and what once was a painful process with a lengthy recovery period is now done as an outpatient procedure.